Design of a Chicken Farm/House Accommodating 20,000 Layer Birds in Zambia

February 26, 2024
I. Introduction
Zambia is a country with a growing poultry industry. Egg consumption in Zambia has been rising steadily in recent years, driven by factors such as population growth, rising incomes and changing dietary patterns. Egg consumption in Zambia is expected to be approximately 1.1 million tonnes by 2023. This represents an increase of approximately 5% compared to the previous year. To meet this demand, the Zambian government is encouraging the development of commercial poultry farms. This article describes the design of a chicken farm/house for 20,000 layer chickens in Zambia.
The chicken farm/house will cover an area of about 0.5 acre and the farm will be divided into three parts: a chicken house for 20,000 laying hens, feed storage and manure management.
1. Chicken house for 20,000 laying hens: Due to the temperature conditions in Zambia, for 20,000 laying hens, the chicken house can be used in 2 ways. Closed or open chicken coop. A closed chicken house has a controlled environment with ventilation, lighting and temperature control systems. Open chicken houses do not require automated environmental systems.
2. Feed Storage Room: Dedicated space will be allocated for feed storage to ensure a continuous supply of quality feed to the chickens. Feed storage areas should be designed to protect feed from moisture, pests and contamination.
3. Manure Management: A comprehensive manure management system will be implemented to handle the large amounts of manure produced by the birds.
III. Recommended Equipment for 20,000 Birds Farm Design
The chicken farm/poultry house will be equipped with state-of-the-art equipment and technology to optimize bird welfare, productivity and biosecurity. Some recommended equipment include:
1. Layer cages: For a chicken house with a breeding capacity of 20,000, A-type layer cage is the best choice. A single set can accommodate up to 160 chickens, which greatly optimizes space utilization. Compared with H-type layer battery cages, the cost is lower. It is the most cost-effective poultry cage system suitable for the design of 20,000 laying hen houses.
2. Automatic feeding system: The automatic feeding system will be used to provide feed to the chickens in a timely and efficient manner. This will help ensure poultry have access to a consistent supply of fresh feed, reducing the risk of feed waste and contamination.
3. Automatic egg collection system: Install an automatic egg collection system to collect eggs from hens and transport them to the egg collector location. This system will minimize egg breakage and ensure timely collection of eggs, maintaining their quality and freshness. This design for 20,000 layers is not necessary and can be configured or reduced according to customer needs.
3. Climate control system: An advanced climate control system will be used to maintain optimal temperature, humidity and ventilation conditions in the chicken house. This will help prevent heat stress, respiratory problems and other health issues in the birds, thereby increasing productivity and hen welfare. This system is only suitable for use in closed house designs.
4. Automated manure cleaning system: There are also two different configuration options for the automated manure cleaning system in the design of a 20,000-layer chicken house. One is a belt cleaning system and the other is a scraper cleaning system. Specific configurations can be set according to customer budget.
Design of the chicken farm/house accommodating 20 ,000 layer birds in Zambia
IV. Management of 20,000 Layers Birds Farm in Zambia
For those who have no experince poultry farmers, it is suggested that you can hire some experienced workers to manage Chicken farms/houses for 20,000 layers.
Farmers will be responsible for the following:
1. Use automatic feeding machine to feed chickens regularly
2. Ensure that there is sufficient water in the water tank of the chicken cage system and the water pressure is stable;
3. Clean the chicken coop
4. Vaccinate chickens
5. Monitor chickens for signs of disease
6. Collect eggs and sell them
V. Conclusion 
The design proposal presented in this paper provides a comprehensive framework for the construction of a modern and efficient chicken farm/house for 20,000 laying hens in Zambia. High-quality layer cages and automation equipment will ensure optimal productivity and bring you greater profits. Contact us to start your chicken farm now!